History of Transplant
The Wikipedia definition of Organ Transplant is the moving of an organ from one
body to another, or from a donor site on the patient's own body, for the purpose
of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ.
Here is the history of Organ Transplant:
1954: The first successful living-related kidney transplant was
on December 23rd, led by Dr. Joseph Murray and Dr. David Hume at Brigham Hospital
in Boston. A kidney was transplanted from Ronald Herrick into his identical twin,
1962: Dr. Joseph Murray and Dr. David Hume, led the first successful
kidney transplant from a deceased donor, at Brigham Hospital in Boston.
1963: The University
of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson, MS. had the first successful lung
transplant led by Dr. James Hardy.
The University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, MN had the first successful
pancreas/kidney transplant led by Drs. Richard Lillehei and William Kelly.
1967: The University of Colorado in Denver, CO had the first successful
liver transplant led by Dr. Thomas Starzl.
1967: Groote Schur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa had the
first successful heart transplant led by Dr. Christian Barnard.
University Hospital in Stanford, CA had the first successful heart transplant
in the United States led by Dr. Norman Shumway.
1968: The Uniform Donor Card was establishes by the Uniform Anatomical
Gift Act, as a legal document for anyone 18 years of age or older to legally donate
his or her organs upon death.
1972: Medicare Coverage of Renal Dialysis and Kidney Transplants
started because of End Stage Renal Disease Act (ESRD).
1981: Stanford University
Hospital Medical Center, CA led by Dr. Brice Reitz had the first successful
Cyclosporine, the most successful anti-rejection medication developed to
date was approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Cyclosporine dramatically
improved the success rate for transplant recipients and helped improve patient outcomes.
1983: Toronto General Hospital in Canada had the first successful
single lung transplant led by Dr. Joel Cooper from the Toronto Lung Transplant Group
1984: A nationwide computer registry operated by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) was established
and called National Organ Transplant Act (NOTA) which authorizes financial support
for Organ Procurement Organizations (OPOs); prohibits buying or selling of organs
in the United States.
1986: The first USA heart transplant in 14 years was performed
by Dr. Michael DeBakey.
1986: Toronto General Hospital in Canada had the first successful
double-lung transplant led by Dr. Joel Cooper from the Toronto Lung Transplant Group.
1986: Hospitals were required to develop policies to identify patients
as potential donors and approach families about organ donation due to the Required
1988: FDA approves
greatly extends the preservation of donated livers
1989: Dr. Olivier Goulet of Paris, France led the first successful
small intestine transplant into a child.
1989: Dr. Christoph Broelsch from Hamburg, Germany led the first
successful living-related liver transplant at The University of Chicago Medical Center.
1990: Stanford University
Hospital Medical Center in Palo Alto, California had the first successful
living-related lung transplant led by Dr. Vaughn Starnes.
The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center did the first baboon to human
liver transplant performed by Drs. Satoru Todo, Andreas Tzakis and John Fung, under
the direction of pioneer transplant surgeon Thomas Starzl.
1996: The first split liver transplant allowed one deceased donor liver
to be used among multiple transplant patients.
1998: Hospitals are now required by the National Conditions of
Participation legislation to refer all deaths, and imminent deaths, to the local
Organ Procurement Organizations
1998: In Lyon, France led by Australian Dr. Earl Owen and Frenchman
Dr. Jean-Michel Dubernar did the first successful hand transplanted in a 13-hour
2001: Living donations outnumbered deceased donors for the first
time in the United States history.
2005: Amiens, France had the first successful partial face transplant
led by Dr. Bernard Devauchelle and Dr. Jean-Michel Dubernard.
2008: The world-famous cardiovascular surgeon, Dr. Michael DeBakey,
pioneered the bypass surgery and invented a host of devices to help heart patients,
died at the age of 99 on July 11th.
2010: The first full face transplant in the world took place in
Spain. The recipient was a man injured in a shooting accident.